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The 12 Requirements of the PCI DSS

This page outlines the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard’s 12 requirements and explains how to achieve and maintain compliance with each of them. The requirements apply to “all system components included in or connected to the cardholder data environment” – i.e. the “people, processes and technologies that store, process, or transmit cardholder data or sensitive authentication data”. Note that not all companies need to comply with all 12 requirements: compliance requirements depend on the type and volume of transactions your organisation undertakes, and will be dictated by your acquiring bank.

Compliance with the PCI DSS might seem onerous but it is not solely a matter of legal obligation – its requirements offer strong data security measures that will benefit your organisation. Indeed, the Verizon 2015 PCI Compliance Report found a strong correlation between non-compliance with the PCI DSS and the likelihood of suffering a data breach.

See our main PCI DSS information page for further guidance >>

Latest changes introduced by version 3.2

To review changes to the individual requirements introduced by PCI DSS version 3.2, please review the standard.

The 12 requirements of the PCI DSS are:

Build and maintain a secure network and systems

Requirement 1: Install and maintain a firewall configuration to protect cardholder data
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Requirement 2: Do not use vendor-supplied defaults for system passwords and other security parameters
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Protect cardholder data

Requirement 3: Protect stored cardholder data
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Requirement 4: Encrypt transmission of cardholder data across open, public networks
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Version 3.1 has removed SSL as an example of a secure technology.

Maintain a vulnerability management program

Requirement 5: Protect all systems against malware and regularly update antivirus software or programs
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Requirement 6: Develop and maintain secure systems and applications
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Implement strong access control measures
Requirement 7: Restrict access to cardholder data by business need to know
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Requirement 8: Identify and authenticate access to system components
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Requirement 9: Restrict physical access to cardholder data
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Regularly monitor and test networks

Requirement 10: Track and monitor all access to network resources and cardholder data
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Requirement 11: Regularly test security systems and processes
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Maintain an information security policy

Requirement 12: Maintain a policy that addresses information security for all personnel
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PCI DSS solutions

IT Governance sources, publishes and distributes the world’s best selection of PCI DSS resources, and provides a wide range of services to help you meet your PCI DSS obligations. Please download our free PCI DSS Compliance brochure or follow the links below for further information about specific products and services:

QSA-led consultancy services

Books

PCI DSS: A Pocket Guide, fifth edition, click here >>

Toolkit

PCI DSS documentation toolkit

Staff awareness

PCI DSS Staff Awareness E-learning course

Penetration testing

PCI penetration testing

Call us on 00 800 48 484 484 or email us to discuss your specific PCI DSS requirements.